Minorca’s loss, however, must be set in context. The French takeover of the island hit the London press nearly two weeks prior to George II’s formal declaration.[1] Further, the loss came at the tail end of numerous other known defeats, especially the rout of General Edward Braddock’s army in the backwoods of Pennsylvania by French and Indian forces the year prior. Additionally, the movement of French troops and materials in the south of France seemed well known by many, and reported upon by a few newspapers earlier in the year.[2] Thus, an additional British defeat at the hands of the French certainly placed the Newcastle administration in an unenviable position of further defending its war and foreign affair policies.


San Antonio bound in April – not that Texas is a favored destination. But that’s where the Popular Culture Association/American Culture Association (PCA/ACA) will be holding a conference entitled “Protest Issues and Actions.” I glommed onto a few key words from the call for papers announcement last November: “protest, past, dissent, rhetoric, politics, impact, and media” to come up with a brief title and abstract.  (more…)