The bodyguard, Count Franz von Harrach, described how a “thin stream of blood spurted” from the Archduke Franz Ferdinand’s mouth and how his wife, Sophie, fell, slumped “with her face between his knees.” The June 28th, 1914 assassination of this husband and wife team, destined as the next in line to take the throne of the Austrian Empire, rapidly disassembled ninety-nine years of (more…)

My love of teaching armed with little more than primary materials continues to grow. In searching for documents explaining the demise of the Ottoman Empire, fin de siècle, I stumbled upon the Gertrude Bell Archive, hosted by Newcastle University, United Kingdom.

It’s not pretty, as far as website appearances go. But (more…)