As I work through some key issues for my book on John Byng, it became difficult to avoid the fact that the admiral participated in Britain’s pre-emptive strike against France in 1755. Yes, the Seven Years’ War had many precursors prior to the official declaration of war (May 1756), the Channel Campaign among them. Pre-emptive war is familiar to us thanks to the United States invasion of (more…)

As the “fake news” stories spread throughout social media, I am reminded that at my college we rely on CRAP. In fact, we sometimes demand that our students perform CRAP tests. This CRAP acronym; Currency, Reliability, Authority, Purpose or Point of View, is meant to help our young “scholars in training” assess (more…)

Labor Day blog? Yes, I’m realizing my social media feeds appear empty, too few extolling the virtues of the history of the working class. What would E. P. Thompson say? What can I say, except to point to a William Blake poem. Written in 1789, “The Chimney Sweeper” appeared in a small poem book called Songs of Innocence. These are early Blake poems, typified by observation, allowing the simplicity of words and rhymes to act as a sort of (more…)

Professor Joyce Appleby stood at the podium one April day in 2002, at San Diego State, University. She had driven down the I-5 from Los Angeles (she teaches at UCLA) to take part in bestowing the Andrew Appleby Memorial Award (I, being the recipient).

With a small crowd gathered, this award-winning historian began with a story about (more…)

I think it’s fairly safe to say that nearly every college instructor wants their students to learn. In fact, I know more than a few of my colleagues who design their courses around this very idea. Toward that end, group work appears enticing, a peer-to-peer tool gleaming in our “teacher toolbox” with the promise of lessons learned. Right? (more…)

It’s true, for years I have extolled the virtues of Wikipedia before my students. As a research tool, “wiki” offers numerous pointing mechanisms that sometimes, at the click of a button, will take a researcher to a (more…)

History News Network published my observation on Brexit and what it means to the EU. you can find it here using this link:

Should We Really Have Been Shocked by the Brexit Vote? The fact is, Europe’s changed since the 2008 Financial Crisis.