Science, science, science… how I keep coming back to you. Maybe it’s that I am a historian of the long eighteenth century, the supposed budding years of Enlightened tinkering. I’m not complaining, merely pointing out how much History and Science have (more…)


According to Politico Magazine, Devin Nunes, the California Republican who chairs the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, may have selectively edited data to target the FBI. Along partisan lines, the committee voted to send this redacted memo to President Trump which allegedly proves FBI bias against him as they conduct an investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 election. Politico stated that the Bureau then went on a media offensive, their effort to discredit the already infamous Nunes memo before its contents become (more…)

In July of 1863, Confederate and Union forces fought in Pennsylvania near a small village named Gettysburg. In only three days some 50,000 casualties – both North and South – were tallied, the most during the course of the Civil War. By mid-October, a National Cemetery at Gettysburg began to rebury the dead. David Wills, a committee member overseeing the cemetery project, invited President Abraham Lincoln to (more…)

This article first appeared in History News Network.

Whether one believes Russia successfully hacked the United States presidential election or not is immaterial. There’s just too much incriminating evidence surrounding the hack – both from our own intelligence agencies and numerous journalistic investigations – which indicates Russia did as much and  (more…)

Sometimes Google can overwhelm students. Enter a name, phrase, or event under research into the search engine and Google replies with a staggering number of hits. Students may scroll for a few minutes and then (more…)

I have begun to produce short videos to assist my freshman and sophomore students with some tips on conducting research. My number one go-to place to begin online research is (no need to insert drumroll here, because of its obvious nature): Wikipedia. (more…)

While hunting for primary materials covering early contacts between English-speakers and Native Americans, I stumbled across Encyclopedia Virginia. I was quickly hooked. The design is easy on the eye, and the navigation made simple, especially for a site that offers a tremendous amount of informative data and in a multitude of forms. The only downside to the site is the (more…)